Energy supply.

Under the national electricity development plan, coal thermal power will make up 50 percent of Vietnam’s total electricity output from 2020, with the Mekong River Delta becoming one of the nation’s thermal power centers. It is expected that 14 coal plants will be developed in the region by 2030 which would have total capacity of 18,268 MW: four in Tra Vinh, one in Bac Lieu, two in Hau Giang, two in Long An, three in Soc Trang and two in Tien Giang. Once operational, these power plants are expected to cause strong adverse impacts on the environment (air pollution, degradation of water quality), thus reducing agriculture and aquaculture productivity in Mekong Delta. Further development of renewable energy seems vital to ensure that high growth and annually increasing energy demands can go hand-in-hand with environmental sustainability.